Underlying Chronic Health Conditions
People with underlying conditions often develop more severe cases of COVID-19.
According to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, people with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are at greater risk for complications from COVID-19. The study analyzed data about 5,700 people hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York City area, and learned that underlying conditions were common. The researchers found that among all patients, 56.6% had hypertension, 41.7% had obesity, and 33.8% had diabetes.
Another study by New York University of 4,103 COVID-19 patients indicates that obesity is second only to age as a major risk factor for hospitalization. Of COVID-19 patients under age 60, people with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30-34 were more than twice as likely to be admitted into the hospital as people of the same age with a BMI lower than 30. COVID-19 patients with a BMI over 35 were three times as likely to be admitted to the Intensive Care Unit.
Do you know someone with obesity, diabetes, or hypertension? How does your home state or county stack up with the populations that live with these underlying conditions? Explore the data by scrolling through the maps below. Click the right or left arrows on the map to change the map to the next underlying condition. The data in these visualizations are from the Centers for Disease Control. The obesity and diabetes maps are drillable to the county level. In cases where there is no data, the counties do not appear. Hypertension data is state-level only.
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